To mark the 60th anniversary of the EURATOM Treaty on 25 March 2017, Dr. Ralf Güldner, President of the German Atomic Forum, said, “EURATOM has been a European success for decades. Nuclear technology and thus the tasks fulfilled by the European Atomic Energy Community are important for Germany in the long term, even after the generation of electricity from nuclear energy ends. This will ensure the monitoring of fissile materials and standardized regulations on radiological protection, even for medical applications. Important specifications for final disposal and plant safety are also made and continuously developed. EURATOM offers Germany every opportunity to co-determine the rules during this process.”
EURATOM aims at the peaceful use of nuclear energy from all aspects and also protection against any dangers associated with it. There is a standardized system of radiological protection which is continuously updated. One important task is ensuring that fissile materials are not diverted and distributed. This includes independent controls and sanctions that apply to all who handle fissile materials. Similarly, the supply of nuclear fuel for power and research reactors and other research applications follows EURATOM rules and is supervised by the Euratom Supply Agency (ESA), which also has ownership of these materials.
Background to the treaty: On 25 March 1957, the Treaties of Rome were signed which founded the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM). While the EEC Treaty with its broad range of topics was gradually deepened and was transferred to the current treaties of the European Union, the EURATOM Treaty, as a sectoral treaty based on the model of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), was characterized from the outset by the Community method with strong European institutions as well as standardized and binding regulations.